The debt-to-income (DTI) ratio measures your company’s ability to afford any additional debt. DTI is calculated by dividing your monthly debt payments by your monthly gross income.

Your business debt-to-income ratio is one aspect of your financial health that lenders evaluate to determine how much debt you can handle.

What Is Debt-to-Income Ratio?

Your DTI ratio (sometimes mistakenly referred to as debt-to-revenue ratio) is expressed as a percentage and indicates how effectively you manage your company’s debts and spend money on a monthly basis. The lower the percentage, the easier it should be for your business to receive financing.

How to Calculate Your Debt-to-Income Ratio

Use this formula to calculate the debt-to-income ratio:

debt to income ratio formula

Be certain you’re working with complete data to ensure your DTI ratio is accurate.

Monthly Debt Payments

Your total monthly debt payments cover any installment of a debt obligation. When calculating your small business debt-to-income ratio, lenders will usually review both personal and business debts. 

These debt payments typically include your minimum business credit-card payments, mortgage, personal and car loan installments, along with any real-estate taxes and homeowner’s insurance. If you use your business accounts to pay off student loans, expect lenders to include those payments in your business DTI.

Monthly subscriptions and similar expenses that can be terminated at any time aren’t included in your total monthly debt payments. Variable regular expenses such as utilities and gas are excluded, too.

Similar to your debt service coverage ratio, lenders will calculate your monthly debt payments using your existing debts and your prospective loan payment.

Gross Monthly Income

Your gross monthly income is the total amount of income you earn in one month before taxes and other deductions. To estimate your gross monthly income, take your annual gross income and divide by 12.

Total Gross Monthly Income = Annual Income ÷ 12

It’s important to note that lenders will usually only consider non-W2 earnings if you’re able to provide 2 years of earnings on your two most recent tax returns.

What Is a Good Debt-to-Income Ratio?

Generally, a good DTI ratio is anything at or below 36%. This indicates to lenders that you’re more likely to make your regularly scheduled loan payment each month. 

There are 3 primary DTI ratio benchmarks you need to be aware of:

Debt-to-Income RatioDetail
36% and Under (Good)This is a healthy DTI ratio. Your debt, compared with your income, is manageable. In this range, your likelihood of approval is good.
36% – 49% (Okay)In this range, lenders see room for improvement, but it could be enough to secure a loan.
50% and Higher (Poor)With more than half of your income going toward debt payments, it will be difficult to save money or deal with unexpected expenses. Securing a loan will be challenging.

 

While these DTI ratio standards are commonly accepted, lenders will have their own standards depending on the type of financing you need. 

For example, some lenders won’t offer a business loan if a company’s DTI is higher than 43%. Other lenders focus on calculating DTI without mortgage or rent payments, meaning they’re looking for a ratio that excludes those major payments but would still come in at or under 25%.

A DTI Calculation Example

Say your gross monthly income is $8,000 and you have a current monthly debt payment of $750. Given the information, your current debt to income ratio is calculated as follows:

$750 ÷ $8,000 = 9.375% DTI 

You’re looking to apply for a $50,000 loan with a new lender, with an amortized monthly payment of $1,500. As part of the assessment process, the lender will estimate your new debt to income ratio by adding the anticipated $1,500 debt payment to your current $750 debt payment:

($750) + ($1,500) ÷ $8,000 = 28.125% DTI

With a DTI of slightly more than 28%, you would more than likely be approved for the $50,000 loan in this example.

Why Is Debt-to-Income Ratio Important?

Calculating your small business DTI ratio can help you analyze the total financial risk your company faces. 

While having a low DTI ratio doesn’t mean you should or need to take on additional debt obligations, it means you are more likely to secure loans at favorable rates without struggling to make payments.

Incurring new debt will increase your liability and your business debt-to-income ratio, but a business loan remains a helpful tool to expand your business. While having a good debt-to-revenue ratio won’t improve your credit score directly, having a low amount of debt and consistently paying your debts are factors taken into account by credit-rating firms.

How to Improve Your Debt-to-Income Ratio

Here are 4 ways you can lower your DTI ratio and give yourself more financial breathing room:

1. Don’t Take Out Additional Loans Right Away

Before you take on any new loans, work on paying off the debt you’ve already assumed. New loans will only increase your monthly obligations and, by extension, your DTI ratio. Develop a system that allows you to methodically pay down any existing credit card or business debts before applying for other financing.

2. Consolidate Your Debts

A debt consolidation loan can help you pay off your debts faster than you may be able to on your own. Consolidating may result in a higher DTI ratio initially, but as you make payments, you’ll lower your ratio and pay off your debts faster. Another benefit is that you may be able to get better terms and rates by consolidating.

3. Refinance Existing Debts

When debt becomes unmanageable, it’s worth exploring every option, including renegotiating with your lender. Beyond the lower rate and monthly payment, refinancing your debt can also help lower your DTI ratio.

4. Increase Your Revenue

Increasing your revenue doesn’t necessarily mean charging your clients more. Additional revenue can be generated by adding a new product line or upselling complementary services that bring additional value to your business. Adding new revenue to your business will help you achieve a good debt ratio, positioning you for greater opportunities in the future.

Increase your revenue to improve your debt-to-income ratio.

The Bottom Line on Business Debt-to-Income Ratios

Carrying high-interest debt that burdens your business for years is never something any business wants. Taking on productive, manageable and revenue-generating debt, however, can be beneficial. 

A good debt ratio is one that effectively manages and uses debt to improve your business. Keeping your debt manageable—around 36%— is crucial to allowing your business to maintain regular payments, expenses, taxes, savings and overall growth.

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