Find the best business loan rates (2021)

What Are the Current SBA Loan Rates?

By Ann Cornell Reviewed By Mike Lucas
By Ann Cornell
By Ann Cornell Reviewed By Mike Lucas

The Small Business Administration (SBA) provides some of the lowest loan rates among lenders for small-business financing — and we’ve spelled out those rates below.

SBA loans, provided through lenders approved by the federal agency, are guaranteed by the SBA. Specifically, these loans are supported by an SBA loan guarantee of up to 90% of the amount a business owner borrows.

The agency offers a free online referral tool that matches lenders and small businesses.

A female entrepreneur uses her laptop to research SBA loan rates.

SBA Loans

There are several SBA loan options available, with amounts ranging from $500 to $5.5 million.

These are:

  1. SBA 7(a) Loans – The most popular type of loan.
  2. SBA CDC/504 Loans – For anyone expanding or modernizing a fixed property asset.
  3. SBA Export Loans – To finance exports.
  4. SBA Microloans – For working capital loans of up to $50,000.
  5. SBA Disaster Loans – For a business impacted by a declared natural disaster.
  6. SBA CAPLines – For a line of credit.

  • Also Consider the Paycheck Protection Program


    To counter financial hardships during the COVID-19 pandemic, the federal government created the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), which provides SBA-backed loans to help businesses keep their workforce employed. PPP loans have an interest rate of 1% and reach maturity in 2 years for loans issued before June 5, 2020, and 5 years for loans issued after.

    PPP funding can be used for:

    • Payroll costs, including benefits
    • Interest on mortgage obligations
    • Rent
    • Utilities

There’s a full breakdown of SBA loans on the agency’s website, where you’ll find details on:

  • Business rates
  • Who qualifies for these loans
  • SBA loan interest rates and terms
  • The maximum financing amount offered

We’re going to focus specifically on SBA 7(a) and SBA CDC/504 Loans.

A person uses a pen to fill out a document for an SBA loan.

SBA 7(a) Loan Program

This is the standard loan program the SBA provides to financial lenders. It comes with a loan guarantee (85% for loans up to $150,000 and 75% for loans greater than $150,000), allowing lenders to provide financing to small business owners who cannot obtain bank financing. 

To secure a loan through the SBA 7(a) loan program, check if your business is considered small by the SBA. The SBA has a section on its website where small business owners can see whether they’ve correctly classified their enterprise. The agency features an online size standards tool to help potential loan applicants check whether they can classify themselves as small businesses.

There are other requirements you also have to satisfy. For instance:

  • Your business must be operating for profit in the U.S.
  • It must be physically located in the U.S. or its territories
  • You must want the loan for a legitimate business reason
  • You can’t be in debt to the U.S. government
  • You must have invested your own time and/or money into the business.

As with any other business loan, if you’re applying for a 7(a) SBA Loan, you’ll have to show documents such as financial statements, a business plan and personal financial statements.

An established business looking for SBA-guaranteed financing must have a healthy credit score—sometimes around 680. However, the SBA notes that some businesses could qualify for startup funding, even with bad credit. The lender will ultimately decide whether you’re eligible.

Do you need a loan for your small business?

What Determines SBA 7(a) Loan Rates?

The following 3 things determine the SBA 7(a) loan rate:

1. The loan length: There are 2 repayment terms: less than 7 years or more than 7 years. It doesn’t matter whether you take out a loan for 5 years or 10, the loan interest rate remains the same.

2. The loan amount: The SBA 7(a) loan program falls into 3 amount brackets:

  • Less than $25,000
  • $25,001-$50,000
  • More than $50,000

The higher the loan, the lower the SBA interest rates and vice versa.

3. The base rate: This is divided into 3 areas:

  • The prime rate
  • The SBA peg rate
  • The LIBOR: This stands for London Interbank Offered Rate, considered a benchmark interest rate for major banks.

SBA 7(a) Loan Interest Rates

Institutions that participate in SBA-backed lending set the interest rates on the loan. Interest rates are, in part, determined by the prime rate (3.25% as of May 2021). Bear in mind that fixed-rate loans often incur higher prices.

The current SBA 7(a) loan rates can not exceed:

  • For loan terms less than 7 years:
    • $0-$25,000: Prime rate + 4.25% (3.25% + 4.25% = 7.5%)
    • $25,001 – $50,000: Prime rate + 3.75% (3.25% + 3.25% = 6.5%)
    • $50,000 and up: Prime rate + 2.25% (3.25% + 2.25% = 5.5%)
  • For loans of 7 years or longer:
    • $0-$25,000: Prime rate + 4.75% (3.25% 4.75% = 8%)
    • $25,001-$50,000: Prime rate + 3.75% (3.25% + 3.75% = 7%)
    • $50,000 and up: Prime rate + 2.75% (3.25% + 2.75% = 6%)

A hand holds a stylus as a bar graph is designed on a computer.

Fixed and Variable SBA Interest Rates

An SBA 7(a) loan can have either a fixed or variable interest rate. The fixed-rate remains the same throughout the loan’s duration. Whereas the variable rate will go up or down, either monthly or quarterly, depending upon the 3 factors listed above: the prime rate, SBA peg rate and the LIBOR rate.

What Are the Requirements?

To qualify for an SBA 7(a) loan, a business must generally meet the following criteria: 

  • Your business has been up and running for the past 2 years
  • You have a credit score of 680 or above
  • Your business generates a minimum of $50,000 in annual revenue

The SBA Express Loan, Export Loans and CAPLines are part of the 7(a) Loan program.

SBA CDC/504 Loans

An SBA CDC/504 loan is used to finance fixed assets, such as real estate, machinery or land. If such a loan is offered, the SBA works with Community Development Companies (CDC) and other financial partners.

Typically, the funding provided is then split among the CDC (up to 40%), the lender (up to 50%) and your business ( a minimum of 10%-15%). The maximum amount funded through the CDC  ranges between $5 million and $5.5 million, with a 10-, 20- or 35-year fixed rate. The SBA offers business resources that further explain SBA CDC/504 loans and financing rates.

SBA CDC/504 Loan Rates

In November 2020, the SBA announced reduced interest rates for the 504 loan program, which now allows for 10-, 20- and 25-year interest rates at 2.231%, 2.364% and 2.399%, respectively. 

The Bottom Line

SBA-approved loan rates can be a favorable option for small businesses, largely because of the competitive repayment lengths and terms. Also, the SBA guarantees a large portion of these loans. If a business defaults on an SBA loan, the agency pays out the insured amount.

However, the downside is that applying for such a loan can take weeks or even months. As the agency states: “The SBA reduces the risk for lenders and makes it easier for them to access capital. That makes it easier for small businesses to get loans.”

Regardless of the type of financing you go for, it’s worth doing your homework first and factoring in the time it takes for your application to be processed. You’ll need to ask the right questions concerning loan rates and how long those rates will stay in place before signing on the dotted line.

Ann Cornell Editor at Fast Capital 360
As a content editor, Ann works to provide accurate and up-to-date information to address all small business questions. Her professional background includes several years in the journalism industry where she tackled various roles — writing, editing and taking photos. She’s also served as the top editor for area publications.
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