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Business Credit Scores: Ranges, Factors and Everything Else That You Need to Know

Dock Treece

There’s no doubt about it: Your business credit score is important. 

Whether you’re looking to secure a small business loan, take out a lease or obtain insurance, your chances of approval and offered terms are mostly dependent on your credit score.

It’s in your best interest to know what factors contribute to your business credit score and what actions you can take to improve it, including:

  • What is a business credit score, and why does it matter?
  • What does a “good” score look like?
  • How are business credit scores calculated?
  • How do you find your business credit score?
  • How do you improve your business credit?

What Is a Business Credit Score?

A credit score is a measure of your company’s creditworthiness. Lenders use this score to assess the risk profile of your business. Several factors go into your credit score, including your company’s payment history, credit usage and overall financial stability.

The exact calculations used to generate a credit score vary among credit-rating firms. Credit-score models typically incorporate legal filings, the age of the business and the financial profile of the business owner.

Business vs. Personal Credit Scores

Personal credit scores are used whenever you apply for a personal loan or credit card. These scores range from 300 to 850 and consider factors such as your number of credit accounts, age of credit and credit utilization. Scores exceeding 800 are typically regarded as excellent.

Business credit scores, on the other hand, vary by credit-rating firm. Most often, these scores range from 0 to 100, with anything over 80 being considered very good or excellent. 

As with a personal credit history, business credit scores take into account several factors that impact the creditworthiness of your business, such as legal filings and the amount of outstanding credit.

If you’re a new or small business, or still are establishing a credit score for your business, you may be asked to authorize personal credit checks (and personally guarantee) any small business loans that you apply for.

Why Your Business Credit Rating Matters

Financial institutions use your business credit rating to predict how likely you are to satisfy debt obligations. Based on their assessment, lenders will approve or deny a request for credit, and they will determine what rates and terms you qualify for. In addition to lenders, insurers consider these scores when determining policy rates.

The better your credit score, the higher your borrowing potential and the more favorable terms you’ll receive.

What Is a Good Business Credit Score?

The definition of a good business credit score varies with the different rating firms. 

Dun & Bradstreet (D&B), Equifax and Experian all have business credit scores that range from 0 to 100, but their definitions of good vary. Good D&B scores are anything over 80. For Equifax, it’s 90. For Experian, it’s 76. FICO is an outlier, with scores that range from 0 to 300. Businesses need FICO scores of at least 160 to qualify as good.

All of these firms offer business credit scoring models and business credit rating scales.

There are many different business credit reports, so it's good to know how each one works.

Dun & Bradstreet’s Paydex Business Credit Score

Dun & Bradstreet maintains credit data files on businesses of all sizes. Dun & Bradstreet’s primary business credit scoring system is called Paydex.

According to the firm, the Paydex score closely relates to a personal FICO score. The Paydex score takes into account a business’s record of payments to creditors over the past year. The range is between 0 and 100. A Paydex rating of 80 or more is considered “good.”

Dun & Bradstreet Delinquency Predictor Score

This Dun & Bradstreet rating system ranges from 101 to 670. It’s based on an algorithm that predicts the odds that your business will fall seriously behind on creditor payments or seek legal protection (i.e., filing for bankruptcy protection) from creditors within the next year.

The higher your score, the better. A 500 is considered “good.” With this score, you’ll get a risk-assessment ranking (Delinquency Predictor Risk Class) of between 1 and 5, with 1 being the least risky.

D&B Failure Score

Formerly, the Dun & Bradstreet Financial Stress Score (FSS), the D&B Failure Score predicts the probability that a business will seek legal protection from its creditors or cease operations without paying creditors in full.

A business’s D&B Failure Score is calculated using 3 components: a failure percentile of 1-100, a class of 1-5 and a score ranging from 1,001-1,875. (The lower a business scores, the higher the risk that it will fail in the next 12 months.)

Equifax Payment Index

The primary Equifax business score is called the Payment Index. It measures a company’s payment habits. 

The index ranges from 0-100. The closer the company scores to zero, the more quickly it pays its suppliers. Most companies score between 20 and 30.

Equifax Business Credit Risk Score

Equifax also provides a Business Credit Risk Score, which predicts the likelihood of a business incurring a 90 days severe delinquency or charge-off in the next 12 months.

Equifax Business Credit Risk Scores range from 101-992, with lower scores generally indicating higher risk.

Equifax Business Failure Score

A third business credit rating that Equifax offers is the Business Failure Score, which predicts the likelihood of a business failing through a formal or informal bankruptcy in the next 12 months. 

Scores range from 1000-1610, with a lower score indicating higher risk.

Experian’s Business Credit Score

Experian provides a blended score that factors in both the company’s information and the business owner’s details.

Businesses are rated on a scale of 0-100. A score of 76 or more is considered low risk.

The FICO Small Business Scoring Service

FICO aggregates data from the other 3 credit-rating firms. The SBSS scoring model runs on a scale from 0 to 300. The FICO SBSS score is commonly used by the Small Business Administration when determining whether to approve an SBA loan.

The SBA requires a minimum FICO SBSS score of 160, which is considered “good.”

How Are Business Credit Scores Calculated?

Many considerations are taken into account with a commercial credit score. The exact method that each agency uses to calculate their scores is a closely-guarded secret.

The data used to calculate business credit scores is collected from a range of sources that include:

  • Business registration documents
  • Articles of incorporation
  • Credit applications
  • Business tax filings
  • Personal tax filings
  • Legal filings
  • Industry statistics
  • Creditor reports
  • Business owner reports
  • Public records like tax liens and bankruptcy filings

How to Get Your Business Score

Your business credit score isn’t a secret. It’s available to anyone who cares to take a look at it, including your vendors. 

Unlike personal credit reports, business owners aren’t entitled to one free copy a year. You’ll have to pay to see your commercial credit score and report.

You should contact credit-rating firms to get a copy of your business credit reports.

Your Dun & Bradstreet Business Credit Report

Dun & Bradstreet offers business owners a notification service called Credit Signal® that alerts you if your score has changed. The company sometimes advertises a limited time offer where you can access your business credit score for free. These offers aren’t permanent, and it’s probably not wise to rely on a temporary free service to monitor your business credit score.

Your Equifax Business Credit Report

You can purchase a copy of your Equifax business credit score on the firm’s website. You’ll be able to see everything Equifax reports to potential creditors about your business, including your credit risk score, your business failure score, your payment history and more.

Your Experian Business Credit Report

Experian offers copies of your business credit report to you (and anyone else who wants to see it) through its website.

Your FICO Business Credit Report

FICO offers 3 different subscription-based plans to view your FICO score percentile, plus receive credit monitoring services. You also will receive score alerts that tell you if something has changed with your score.

Ways to Improve Your Small Business Credit Score

If your business credit report and has room for improvement, you can take specific steps to make it better.

As with personal credit scores, changes can take 30 days or longer to propagate to all the credit-reporting firms. Just be patient and continue making positive steps such as:

  • Monitor your business credit report routinely. Because it’s available publicly, there’s an increased risk for fraud.
  • Pay creditors on time (or early) if possible. Business credit agencies reportedly give better scores if vendors report early payments.
  • Alert creditors if payment is going to be late and let them know when to expect it. You may be able to avoid a “late payment” report to credit agencies if you’re upfront about your situation.
  • At least a couple of financing advisory websites recommend keeping your credit utilization percentage to 30% or below. The ratio of credit available to credit used is a significant factor in your company credit score.
  • Choose your creditors wisely. Borrow only from reputable companies, preferably from those that report payments to the major credit agencies.
  • Open a business credit card. This will help younger businesses establish credit faster.

Your business credit score is a valuable asset that you can leverage to grow your business through a working capital loan or business line of credit.

By consistently taking care of the financial affairs of your business, your business credit rating will work for you, not against you.

Dock Treece
Dock David Treece is a finance analyst and contributing editor at Fast Capital 360 focusing on personal and small business finance. Dock is a former securities broker and investment advisor and brings more than 10 years of experience in investments and finance to Fast Capital 360. Dock has been featured by CNBC, Forbes and Bloomberg. He lives with his wife in North Carolina.
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